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BENAZIR BHUTTO

( 1953-2007 )

 

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Born June 21, 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan

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Daughter of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (a political leader and former Prime Minister) and Nusrat Bhutto (former Member of Parliament and Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan)

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Aged 16 sent to Harvard University

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1973 Father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, became Prime Minister of Pakistan

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1977 returns to Pakistan. Martial law declared, Bhutto's father is arrested and Benazir is placed under house arrest

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1979 Benazir Bhutto's father is hanged. She becomes leader of Pakistan People's Party. Spends seven years in exile or under house arrest

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April 1986 Bhutto returns to Pakistan

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Married, December, 1987 to Asif Ali Zardari (in business, twice elected Member of National Assembly and Senator)

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Pakistan Peoples Party, Karachi, Pakistan co-chair, beginning in 1986

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Becomes Prime Minister in 1988 but her government is illegally dismissed in August 1990.

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Comes to power after her party won a majority in elections held in October 1993.

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Government once again dismissed illegally in November 1996.

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1996 Bhutto removed from government, started living in exile in UK & UAE

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October 2007 returned to Pakistan.

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December 27, 2007 martyred in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

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Children: Bilawal; Bakhtwar and Aseefa.
 


Early Life

Benazir Bhutto - the eldest child of former Pakistani premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , was born on June 21, 1953, at Karachi.

Education

Ms. Bhutto attended Lady Jennings Nursery School and then Convent of Jesus and Mary in Karachi. After two years of schooling at the Rawalpindi Presentation Convent, she was sent to the Jesus and Mary Convent at Murree. She passed her O-level examination at the age of 15. In April 1969, she got admission in the U. S. at Harvard University's Radcliffe College. In June 1973, Benazir graduated from Harvard University with a degree in Political Science. After graduating from Harvard, Benazir joined Oxford University in the fall of 1973. Just before graduation, Benazir was elected to the Standing Committee of the most prestigious Oxford Union Debating Society.

In 1976, she graduated in P. P. E. (Politics, Philosophy and Economics). In the autumn of 1976, Benazir returned once again to Oxford to do a one-year postgraduate course. In January 1977, she was elected the President of the Oxford Union.

Return to Pakistan

Benazir Bhutto returned to Pakistan in June 1977. She wanted to join the Foreign Service but her father wanted her to contest the Assembly election. As she was not yet of age, Benazir Bhutto assisted her father as an advisor.

In July 1977, General Zia-ul-Haq imposed Martial Law. - her father was arrested on a murder charge and she was placed under house arrest. Benazir Bhutto became the focus for his followers and, from jail, he continued to advise her what to say to the crowds. After he was hanged in 1979 she felt that she must follow him as leader of the Pakistan People's Party. During the Martial Law, Benazir was allowed to proceed abroad on medical grounds in January 1984, after spending nearly six and a half years in jail. She went into exile in England for two years.

When she returned on April 10, 1986, one million people welcomed her at the Lahore airport. She attended mammoth rallies all over Pakistan and kept in close touch with the Movement for Restoration of Democracy.

Marriage

On December 18, 1987, Benazir married Asif Ali Zardari in Karachi.

Carrier

She contested the elections, which were held by Ghulam Ishaq Khan, who had taken over as acting President after the death of General Zia in an air crash on August 17, 1988, at Bhawalpur.

Benazir Bhutto approached the Supreme Court of Pakistan, seeking enforcement of the fundamental rights guaranteed to the political parties under Article 17(2) of the 1973 Constitution, to hold the elections on Party basis. The Supreme Court gave its verdict in favor of the political parties. The P. P. P., without forming an alliance with any party, won 94 out of 207 seats in the National Assembly. With the cooperation of eight M. Q. M. members and 13 members of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, the P. P. P. was able to get a clear majority in the National Assemblies. Benazir Bhutto was nominated as the Prime Minister on December 2, 1988, and Ghulam Ishaq Khan was nominated the President of Pakistan.

As a Prime Minister

At the age of 35, she was the youngest and the first woman Prime Minister to lead a Muslim nation in modern age. During her first term, she started Peoples Program for economic uplift of the masses. Benazir Bhutto also lifted a ban on student and trade unions. The P. P. P. Government hosted the fourth S. A. A. R. C. Summit held in Islamabad, in December 1988.

On various issues, differences between her Government and the Establishment led to her dismissal by the President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, on August 6, 1990.

Benazir Bhutto returned to power for the second time in 1993 after the resignation of both President Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on July 18, 1993. The resignation led to the announcement of fresh elections for the National and Provincial Assemblies. The elections were held on October 6 and 9, 1993, respectively.

The elections were boycotted by the M. Q. M. No party emerged with an absolute majority in the elections. As a result the P. P. P. formed the new government with the help of alliances. Benazir Bhutto took oath as Prime Minister on October 19, 1993. The Presidential election was held on November 13. Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari, the P. P. P. candidate, won by 274 to 168 votes against the then acting President Wasim Sajjad.

During her second tenure, Benazir again faced trouble from the opposition. In the autumn of 1994, Nawaz Sharif led a "train march" from Karachi to Peshawar. This was followed by general strike on September 20. Two weeks later Nawaz Sharif called a "wheel jam" strike on October 11.

The second tenure of Benazir Bhutto was, however, highlighted by the visit of the U. S. first Lady Hillary Clinton and her daughter Chelsea in 1995. Hillary's visit considerably changed the world's perceptions about Pakistan and highlighted Pakistan as a liberal, modern and forward-looking country. In April 1994, Benazir visited the U. S., and projected Pakistan's stance on the F-16 fighter planes withheld by the U. S. despite payments. Her visit resulted in the passing of the Brown Amendment by the U. S. Senate on September 21, 1995, easing restrictions on Pakistan. It also helped in attracting foreign investors. On the domestic front she continued facing problems with M. Q. M. In spite of all her political endeavors, a smooth relationship could not be established between the Government and M. Q. M.

Benazir Bhutto's brother, Mir Murtaza Bhutto, was assassinated under mysterious circumstances in a police ambush on September 20, 1996. The high-profile killing of her brother in her tenure damaged her political career.

Things were not going well between the President and Benazir's Government. Differences soon appeared and the Government felt that there was interference in the political matters of the Government by the President. President Farooq Leghari dismissed Benazir Bhutto's Government on charges of corruption and mismanagement on November 5, 1996, under the Article 58(2) b of the Eighth Amendment.

Popularity

She has been mentioned as "The world's most popular politician" in the New Guinness Book of Record 1996. The "Times" and the "Australian Magazine" (May 4, 1996) have drawn up a list of 100 most powerful women and have included Benazir Bhutto as one of them.

Awards & honorary degrees

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Bruno Kreisky Award of Merit in human Rights, 1988.

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Honorary Phi Beta Kappa Award (1989), presented by Radcliffe College , Harvard University .

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Highest Moroccan Award "Grand Cordon de Wissam Alaoui"

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Highest French Award "Grand-croix de la Legion Honneur" (1989)

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The Noel Foundation Award, 1990 (UNIFEM).

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Honorary Fellow of Royal College of Physicians - 1990

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The Gakushuin Honorary Award, Tokyo (1996)

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Award by the Turkish Independent Industries and Businessmen Association (MUSAID) on account of providing assistance to the people of Bosnia .

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Golden medal Dragon of Bosnia awarded by President of Bosnia (1996)

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Key to the city of Los Angeles , presented by the Mayor of Los Angeles (1995)

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Presidential Medal, Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Science (1995)

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Medal by University of California at Los Angeles (1995)

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Honorary Doctorate of Law, L.L.D Harvard University (1989)

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Honorary Doctorate of Law (Honoris Causa), University of Sindh (1994)

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Honorary Doctorate from Mendanao State University, Philippines (1995)

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Honorary Doctorate of Law (Honoris Causa), Peshawar University (1995)

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Honorary Doctorate of Economics, Gakushuin University, Tokyo (1996)

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Honorary Fellowship by Lady Margaret Hall, University Oxford, (1989)

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Honorary Fellowship by St. Catherine College , University of Oxford , (1989

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Honorary Professor of the Kyrghyz State National University (1995) Kyrghyzstan.

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Honorary Professor of Yassavi Kazakh Turkish University, Kazakh-Turkish International Language University, Kazakhstan , 1995.

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Honorable Member of OHYUKAI, Alumni Association of Gakushuin, conferred by OHYUKAI Tokyo (1996).

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Awarded the 2000 Millennium Medal of Honor by American Biographical Institute, Inc. in November 1998.

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Awarded American Academy Award of Achievement in London, October 28, 2000.

 


Last speech of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Complete Video (Click Here)

   

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